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Rosacea

Rosacea

Read More About Rosacea
Do you have any of the following signs or symptoms?
  • Tendency to blush frequently or easily.
  • Noticeable flushing when you consume hot drinks, spicy foods or alcoholic beverages.
  • A redness or flushing that is more pronounced during extreme hot and extreme cold weather.
  • Extreme sensitivity when hairspray touches your face or when you use certain facial products, such as soap, moisturizers or cosmetics.
  • Persistent redness in the center of your face that has gradually involved the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose. Your ears, chest and back may also be affected.
  • Visible tiny blood vessels and pimples, without blackheads, on or around a reddened area on your face.

These are all early indications of rosacea. When it first develops, rosacea may come and go on its own, and you may have only one or a few indications. However, early intervention by a dermatologist, the expert in skin, hair and nail conditions, is key to successful treatment.Rosacea rarely reverses itself and may last for years. It can become worse without treatment or when self-treated.

Rosacea is a common skin disease that frequently begins as a tendency to flush or blush easily. As rosacea progresses, people often develop persistent redness in the center of the face. This redness may gradually spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. Even the ears, chest, and back can be affected.

WHAT ROSACEA LOOKS LIKE

Tiny blood vessels, which many call spider veins, can develop. Some people see small red bumps. Usually appearing in crops, some of the red bumps may contain pus. Dermatologists call the pus-filled bumps pustules. If the bumps do not contain pus, they are called papules. These pustules and papules resemble acne, so people often refer to rosacea as adult acne. Unlike with acne, blackheads do not develop. Rosacea also can cause the affected skin to swell. Some over-the-counter treatments can worsen rosacea.

In more advanced cases, a condition called rhinophyma may develop. Caused by enlarged oil glands in the skin, rhinophyma makes the nose larger and the cheeks puffy. Thick bumps may develop on the lower half of the nose and nearby cheeks. Most people do not develop rhinophyma; those who do tend to be men.

Rosacea also can affect the eyes. About 50 percent of people with rosacea have eye involvement, also called ocular rosacea. This often causes dryness, burning, and grittiness of the eyes. Left untreated, ocular rosacea can lead to serious eye complications. Some over-the-counter treatments can worsen rosacea.

TREATMENT

To effectively manage rosacea, dermatologists usually recommend a combination of treatments tailored to the individual patient. This approach can stop rosacea from progressing and sometimes reverses rosacea.

Many rosacea treatments are applied directly to the affected skin. Creams, lotions, foams, washes, gels, and pads that contain a topical antibiotic, azelaic acid, metronidazole, sulfacetamide, benzoyl peroxide or retinoids may be prescribed. These topicals are effective, but improvement can take time. A slight improvement may be seen in the first three to four weeks. Greater improvement usually takes about two months. Faster results may be seen with oral antibiotics to treat the papules and pustule

Persistent redness may be treated with a small electric needle (electrodessication) or laser treatments. Laser treatments can also reduce the background skin redness, telangiectasias as well as the papules and pustules. Cosmetics such as pure mineral make up such as MD Minerals is also helpful due to the anti-inflammatory properties in the minerals.

TIPS FOR ROSACEA PATIENTS

Many everyday things can cause rosacea to flare. Anything that causes a flare-up is called a trigger. To help patients decrease flare-ups, dermatologists often recommend the following:
Practice good sun protection. Sun exposure seems to be the most common trigger. Seek shade when possible, limit exposure to sunlight, wear protective clothing, and use nonirritating broad-spectrum (offers protection from UVA and UVB rays) sunscreen with SPF of 30 or higher. Reapply sunscreen every two hours.
Avoid certain foods and drinks. Spicy foods, hot drinks, caffeine, and alcoholic beverages are common rosacea triggers. Although alcohol can worsen rosacea, the condition can be just as severe in someone who does not drink alcohol. Rosacea has been unfairly linked to alcoholism.
Protect your skin from extreme hot and cold temperatures. These can exacerbate rosacea. Exercise in a cool environment. Do not overheat. Protect your face from cold and wind with a nonirritating scarf or ski mask.
Avoid rubbing, scrubbing, or massaging the face.
Avoid cosmetics and skin care products that contain alcohol or other irritating substances. Use hair sprays properly, avoiding contact with facial skin.
Keep your skin care routine simple. Fewer products are better.
Note flushing episodes. The above are common triggers, but what causes rosacea to flare in one person may not trigger it in another. By writing down what foods, products, activities, medications, and other things cause your rosacea to flare, you will learn your triggers.

Rosacea is a common skin disease that frequently begins as a tendency to flush or blush easily. As rosacea progresses, people often develop persistent redness in the center of the face. This redness may gradually spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. Even the ears, chest, and back can be affected.